I like using Digital Ocean and have spun up 100+ VMs with them, but their Private Networking model should make anyone wary. And it’s just not ideal to send things between nodes in plain-text. I’d rather get things right from the beginning, than have to retrofit later.
Most recently, I was setting up a Consul/Nomad cluster for running containers. Since I’m on the cheap, having a single point of failure for volumes isn’t a huge issue. There’s a few options.
NFS works well and is pretty simple, but is not easily encrypted.
SSHFS seemed like a good, encrypted alternative:
SSHFS is a FUSE-based filesystem client for mounting remote directories over a SSH connection.
Fear The Error
I kept running into this error. Google is also a wasteland for others who have encountered problems with permissions with sshfs.
[email protected]:# chown -R root:root /mnt/dir-1/docker/ chown: cannot read directory '/mnt/dir-1/docker/': Permission denied
Following something like what is shown below should help avoiding this error.
Assuming you already have
PermitRootLogin set to
no (you should if it’s publicly exposed), you can whitelist certain configuration overrides for
sshd by source IP address (in this case):
# /etc/ssh/sshd_config Match Address 10.138.171.21,10.138.171.22 PermitRootLogin yes
sshd for the change to take effect:
systemctl reload sshd
Installation / Configuration
Install the sshfs package:
apt instal sshfs
Add your user to the
groupadd fused; usermod -aG fuse yourusername
user_allow_other parameter to the configuration
echo 'user_allow_other' > /etc/fuse.conf
If you’re dealing with painful Docker bind mounts, SSHing as
root is easier. Write this into
/etc/fstab, replacing the IP address, mountpoint, path to SSH key:
[email protected]:/mnt/ssd-1 /mnt/ssd-1 fuse.sshfs _netdev,users,idmap=user,IdentityFile=/root/.ssh/sshfs,allow_other,default_permissions,reconnect 0 0
Unmount and remount anything in
umount /mnt/dir-1 && mount -av
I tested throughput following this example, but with a crazy
blocksize parameter (/shrug).
Assuming mountpoint of
time sh -c 'dd if=/dev/zero of=/mnt/dir-1/dd-test.file bs=100k count=20k conv=fdatasync && sync' && rm -f '/mnt/dir-1/dd-test.file'
20480+0 records in 20480+0 records out 2097152000 bytes (2.1 GB, 2.0 GiB) copied, 40.8501 s, 51.3 MB/s real 0m40.880s user 0m0.064s sys 0m2.741s